The Mediterranean library of knowledge

Explore the ENI CBC Med Programme's library of deliverables: a comprehensive digital repository of diverse resources tailored for the Mediterranean region. Discover in-depth studies, innovative strategies, and practical tools spanning tools addressing key environmental, economic, and social issues. The library is your go-to source to find valuable knowledge to inspire new collaborative projects driving fair, sustainable and inclusive development across the Mediterranean.

Deliverables
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ESMES Case studies on REEE project portfolio solutions for enhanced energy rehabilitation of school buildings

As part of the ESMES project, aimed at contributing to greater awareness and better energy habits in schools, some case studies were carried out on portfolio solutions of renewable energy and energy efficiency (REEE) projects for better energy rehabilitation of school buildings. In particular, Italy based its case study on schools involvement, Tunisia on policy and financial support for REEE rehabilitations, Jordan on the Monitoring Driven Rehabilitations. The final beneficiaries of the case studies are the public institutions that will use them to strengthen the capacity to implement energy retrofits based on REEE solutions, and energy professionals to develop competencies and expand networks for REEE project solutions.

ESMES approved strategy to support efficient and cost-effective energy mix in public school buildings

The following documents provide some strategies (tested in Italy, Jordan, Spain, Tunisia) to support an efficient and cost-effective energy mix in public school buildings, through pilot actions based on monitoring renewable energy and energy efficiency (REEE). The reports highlight: energy mix adapted to target areas and based on local renewable energy sources; possible sources of financing; the importance of reallocating cuts in energy spending obtained through REEE solutions towards a broader improvement in the energy performance of public real estate. Each strategy focuses on the specific national context and is approved by the relevant institutions.

ESMES Implementation Tool for SEM measures

The ESMES project aimed to improve the capacity of 5 public institutions in order to implement innovative energy rehabilitations. In a typical school, energy distribution can be attributed to five main categories: lighting, cooling, space heating, water heating, other. Of those energy uses, lighting and cooling systems draw the most energy, with space heating following closely. Although the numbers vary by climate zone, the results from this analysis provide a generalized summary of the systems with the largest opportunity for energy savings: lighting, HVAC, and water heating. This document illustrates low cost or no cost energy management operations and maintenance practices for the major systems within school buildings. When available, general information on energy efficiency considerations for retrofits or major renovations is also provided.

ESMES Cross-border work on best practices on energy policies and rehabilitations management in schools

ESMES (Energy Smart Mediterranean Schools Network) project focused on the optimisation of energy consumption in public schools through innovative, monitoring-based renewable energy and energy efficiency (REEE) pilot actions. The project tried to improve the capacity of 5 public institutions in order to implement innovative energy rehabilitations.
The following document illustrates a cross-border work on best practices on energy policies and rehabilitations management in schools. Each partner (in Italy, Jordan, Spain, Tunisia, Lebanon) with support of the National Energy Hub, reviewed current policies, procedures, strategies for rehabilitations management in its country.

ESMES Administrative procedures for students, teachers and school staff

The energy trends in the Mediterranean region are characterised by the growing demand for energy, fossil fuels dependence, high CO2 emissions, etc., with negative consequences on the environment. Buildings are responsible for a significant part of the total energy consumption.
This document presents an administrative procedure for students, teachers and school staff. Building users may play important role in improving energy management in their buildings, when encouraged and motivated properly. This is especially relevant for schools, where there are many "permanent" users, including teachers, pupils and staff. Their combined efforts can bring results that may be difficult to achieve in other types of buildings. There are different methods for involving building users in energy management processes and changing their behaviours. In each case, the process should start with adequate information and education to give context and theoretical background to practical activities.

ESMES Decision Support Tool for school rehabilitation planning

This document is a Decision Support Tool (SDT) for school rehabilitation planning and the reduction of the energy consumption in public school buildings in the five countries involved in the ESMES project (Italy, Jordan, Spain, Tunisia, Lebanon), based on most suitable renewable energy and energy efficiency (REEE) solutions tested in the project for building type and use, climatic zone and estimation of potential impact.

ESMES Investment Planning Procedure

ESMES project focused on the optimisation of energy consumption in public schools through innovative, monitoring-based renewable energy and energy efficiency (REEE) pilot actions. The project is being implemented in five Mediterranean countries (Italy, Jordan, Spain, Tunisia, Lebanon) involving six organisations.
One of ESMES outputs delivered in this report is an investment planning procedure for public institutions to shift from single-building rehabilitation to the distributed interventions approach, maximizing energy performance for the amount invested, targeting energy consumption intensive components in multiple buildings taking into account national regulations and peculiarities to ease integration of new procedures into existing ones.

SIRCLES Good Practices Booklet: Supporting Circular Economy Opportunities for Employment and Social Inclusion

SIRCLES is a consortium of 7 Mediterranean countries (Spain, Greece, Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon, Tunisia, Italy) led by the Waste Agency of Catalonia, and with 9 partners. These partners have applied different approaches adapted to the situation of each region, but sharing the same goal: the creation of job opportunities within the unemployed young people and women at risk of social exclusion.
The good practices booklet shows:
1. The composting area in Vila-seca, Spain
2. The composting area in Andros, Greece
3. The composting plant in Beitello, Palestine
4. The composting area in Aqaba, Jordan
5. The composting area in Hbaline, Lebanon
6. The composting area in Bizerte, Tunisia
7. The sensitizing campaign in Puglia, Italy

SIRCLES guideline of best practices for successful biowaste recycling

This document lists best practices linked to the separate collection and management of organic waste. It has been prepared with the support of all partners of the SIRCLES project in order to define innovative management plans and NEETs and women engagement in biowaste collection and treatment.

SIRCLES policy toolkit for circular economy employment and training

SIRCLES project aimed to develop skills and favour new job opportunities in the circular economy sector, in the biowaste one, providing marketable opportunities especially for NEET & Women in the involved target areas (Spain, Greece, Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon, Tunisia, Italy). The planned pilots for biowaste processing have been implemented according to the Life Cycle Thinking approach and breaking down the process into different phases. The development of capacities along with job insertion and the engagement of local entities aimed to ensure sustainability beyond the project duration.
This toolkit is organised into four chapters: the chapter 1 delves into the SIRCLES model for biowaste, highlighting its importance and potential in achieving circularity; chapter 2 analyses the work context and methodology, providing insights into the research environment and the methods employed in the study; chapter 3 includes a section on the pilots conducted by SIRCLES, presenting the lessons learned from these practical implementations. Finally, chapter 4 offers potential future scenarios and proposes policy measures that can support and enhance the implementation of the SIRCLES model in various contexts.

SIRCLES composting pilot sites in Spain, Greece, Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon, Tunisia

The objective of SIRCLES project is to promote the social and labour inclusion of people at risk of social exclusion, by providing them with skills and jobs in the organic waste management sector. During the project, NEETs and women at risk of social exclusion in the project areas (Spain, Greece, Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon, Tunisia, Italy) received training in composting. Subsequently, some of them were hired to work at the SIRCLES composting areas. The following documents illustrate the activities carried out and the results achieved in the countries involved.

CEOMED Online market place

The online market place is one of the main results of CEOMED project. This online, high-resolution Anaerobic Digestion (AD) large scale piloting framework will be used as a help for decision making tool by public and private stakeholders in the valorisation of the organic fraction of waste with the agronomical use of digestate in a circular model. This framework will deliver the optimal technology and configuration to produce two products from the organic fraction of waste:
1) biogas produced by the AD;
2) the fertilizer from the digestate produced by the AD process.
A Digestate Calculator for determining the amount of digestate as fertilizer to be used for specific crops has been developed. Furthermore, a mathematical model has been developed and deployed in an IT tool to regulate microbial competition and maximize COD degradation and biomethane yield. Users will be able to simulate their Anaerobic Digestion process through this tool and analyze the results as a help in the making decision process on circular organic waste management. Additionally, the business model on organic waste valorization will be set with a marketplace to connect any potential stakeholder. The online, high-resolution AD piloting framework will be deployed for free in English, Arab, and French in order to maximize the CEOMED approach along the Mediterranean basin.